Leadership as ScienceMy practical research has moved leadership from an art to a science. Beginning in 1994, I began to deconstruct the art of Lean leadership with an initial focus on leadership behaviors and identifying the eighth waste, Behavioral Waste®. From there, I showed exactly how leadership beliefs inform leadership behaviors, which in turn result in leadership competencies by using current and future state value steam maps. This bridged the gap between leadership as art and leadership as science. Then, I went on to create the science of leadership by identifying 15 leadership processes and how to correct the errors made by leaders in each process. That's innovative Lean leadership!